Post Classical African Innovations
Iron smelting was known in Africa for thousands of years, but iron had a new use in 1266 when it was used as a portable cannon. this was the first case of Hand Cannons was ever written down. During a mongol invasion, Egyptians used tubes filled with gun powder and rocks to repel the invaders. This was the start of the first hand held guns which have developed to the pistols of today
Universities had excisted all over the ancient world for hundreds of years. However In 859, the first degree giving university in the world was built. University of Al Karaouine was built in Morocco by Princess Fatima. This started the use of degrees and Universities as we use them today.
The largest hospital of the Middle Ages built in Egypt, by Sultan Qalaun al-Mansur in the late 13 century. Treatment was given for free to all Patients regaurdless of background or social status. It remained the largest until the modern era.